By Silvia Rosa Sigales Ruiz, University of Colima and Alfredo Mario Mejía Ramírez, Colegio de Psicólogos de Baja California, Mexico.
Professional development is a task that does not start at university and does not end there either, it extends beyond postgraduate courses, into continuing education and the reflection of professional experiences, ideally it should go through a college job. Training time in class or in clinical fields is not sufficient to acquire many skills and adapt to new uses and practices in an increasingly globalized world and to promote the social development of various sectors of the population. , in their different contexts and faced with various problems.
Among the various challenges in mental health, in a grade 3 health emergency context due to the novel coronavirus covid-19 (SARS-CoV-2), the methodology of care and intervention becomes complex due to the characteristics of the situation. . and its impact, as well as mitigation measures and resources for its implementation. Since the psychosocial context is strongly associated with fear and its reaction to stress, the intervention should focus on the certainty of the person having intense emotional reactions of fear / distress / anxiety. This sequence of circumstances with psychological impact leads us to use a methodology based on the predictive selection model proposed by Rivolier (1992, p. 153). This consists of the selection of a model and theoretical criteria (TC) that explain and allow the evaluation of immediate psychological responses to extreme situations. It will be based on a theoretical model, which will facilitate the detection – through a first phase of care – of immediate and subsequent reactions on mental health and its impact on the population. Once this phase of detection / attention is immediacy, it will give rise to the predictive selection, which will be the relation between the adequacy of the real components (of the psychological processes) and the established TC. This will lead to the development of accompanying strategies specializing – now – in the mitigation of long-term damage to health; They must be disclosed, to train professional health and mental health personnel, general population care and health and primary care personnel. The CTs with whom we have argued for psycho-emotional and behavioral responses, which occur in the population facing an emergency, focus their attention on stress theory, coping strategies and personality characteristics. From these TCs, the methodology of this model of psychosocial management of stress responses synthesized in anxiety, fear and anxiety reactions, as well as clinical reactions, in mental health care is developed (AMA model) ; Likewise, the phases of the health emergency and its components were established, using the explanatory model of the tunnel / covid-19.
The follow-up of the AMA Model in the psychosocial management of the health emergency by COVID-19 is based on the relevance of the validation of: 1) its theoretical-methodological and explanatory foundations in the understanding of the psychological processes of anxiety, fear, anxiety and clinical reactions; 2) the strategies it proposes for the intervention and monitoring of psychological care through a computer plan; 3) the relevance of civil and institutional, individual and collective actions through the creation of a collaborative network between universities and colleges of psychologists who unite their efforts around the AMA model, developing in collaboration and from which this proposal is based . The scientific findings and discoveries will contribute to the understanding of psycho-emotional and behavioral reactions and to the benefit of the population in terms of psycho-emotional support, seeking to prevent the development of mental health disorders.